Mosquitos can be more than a nuisance ... and to lessen the risk of mosquito-borne disease transmission (viral encephalitis), the following prevention tips are recommended:
If you cannot stay indoors during the peak mosquito feeding hours (dusk until dawn), then apply insect repellent containing DEET when you are outside. For adults, use an insect spray that contains 10-30% DEET. Read the label to ensure that the spray is EPA approved. Be sure to read the directions for the correct dosing of insecticide. Use just enough repellent to lightly cover your skin. Don't saturate your skin. Repellents should be applied only to exposed skin or clothing or both. Don't apply repellents underneath clothing*.
To further reduce your risk, during mosquito feeding hours wear long sleeves and pants treated with insect repellent.
For children, use products containing 10 percent DEET or less. Be careful not to apply a repellent to your child's hands or close to your child's mouth or eyes. It's best to avoid applying DEET products to children less than two years old. Instead, cover your baby's carriage or playpen with mosquito netting when outside. Always cover the arms and legs of your children if they will be playing near swampy areas.